Wednesday, September 1, 2021

Feeding winter birds in Wisconsin

Do you want to feed birds in your yard this winter, but need some help getting started?

Are you looking for ideas on foods and feeders to attract many different kinds of birds?

Would you like to learn the common winter birds that are likely to come to your feeder?

You have come to the right place--this article is for you!


This article tells why and how to set up a bird feeder in Wisconsin in the winter. I'll also show you photos of the common feeder birds in Wisconsin that you can look for at your own backyard feeder! I will give brief identification tips. I will tell you what foods and what type of feeders attract each species.


Winter in Wisconsin can be bitterly cold. Winter temperatures, December through February, rarely get above freezing during the day. Night time temperatures are much colder! Brrr...!

What about snow? Yes, Wisconsin has snow. Lot's of snow. Snowfall averages about 40 inches in the south, and up to 160 inches in the north!

This weather means that those hardy birds that remain in Wisconsin in winter will really appreciate any food you put out at your feeder. Surprisingly--despite the cold and snowy weather, many birds live in Wisconsin year-round.



In this article
Why feed winter birds in Wisconsin?
What birds come to feeders in winter in Wisconsin?
Setting up a winter bird feeding station in Wisconsin
Related articles




Photo of snow covered feeder. Daniela Vaskova. Pixabay.



Why feed winter birds in Wisconsin?


The first reason to feed birds is that birds may need some help to make it through the long cold Wisconsin winters.

Now, birds wouldn't remain if they couldn't survive winter without us. And many kinds of birds do migrate south for winter. But many kinds also remain. They can survive without us. At least, many of them could.

However, more than half of the birds in early winter are young-of-the-year. They've never experienced winter before. If the winter is especially harsh, many of the younger birds may not survive, as opposed to the more experienced adults. Many young birds don't survive winter. Your feeder may help a few young birds to survive winter that might not have made it otherwise.

And with more and more extreme weather, birds may be need our help while they adapt to rapidly changing climate.

A second reason to feed birds is to help us.

Yes, we may benefit from feeding birds--perhaps more than the birds themselves!

We, as a culture, are spending less and less time out-of-doors, especially children. Some social scientists are worried about the long-term mental and physical health risks to a society isolated from the natural world.

Watching the antics of birds at the feeder--even out the window from the comfort of our warm home, can provide many benefits. It just makes us feel good to observe such nature. It provides that connection to the natural world that we need--especially on those long, cold, dreary winter days.

Can you share nature--the birds at your feeders--with children or grand-children? What a wonderful way to bond! What a wonderful way to introduce children to nature. Many children do have a couple of weeks off from school in winter. A bird feeder could be a great joint project!


What birds come to feeders in winter in Wisconsin?


Of course, you can feed and enjoy birds without knowing their names.

But knowing what types of birds visit your feeder can spark your curiosity as to behavior and migration.

You may learn that certain birds only visit at certain times of year. Pretty soon, you will be in expectation of returning birds. And you may recognize something unusual.

I have written a companion article to common birds in the backyard in Wisconsin. This companion article discusses birds at all seasons, and includes backyard birds that might not visit feeders. I'll link to this article again at the end, so you can read it next, if you want.

Following, then, are some of the common winter birds you can see at your feeder in Wisconsin.



Black-capped Chickadee

This bird is a small active acrobatic ball off fluff. 


Photo of Black-capped Chickadee on twigs
Black-capped Chickadee. Greg Gillson.


This bird is resident from Alaska and across Canada to the northern half of the United States.

Black-capped Chickadees are year-round residents in Wisconsin.

The white face is bordered by black crown and bib. Upper parts are gray, under parts buff.

Black-capped Chickadees love black oil sunflower seeds from hopper and tube feeders.


Dark-eyed Junco

These "snow birds" flock to your feeders in winter.


Photo of Dark-eyed Junco on ground
Dark-eyed (Slate-colored) Junco. Greg Gillson.


Breed in conifer and mixed woods across Canada and Alaska in summer, then migrate into most of the United States in winter. They are also resident in mountains of the West and Northeast.

Dark-eyed Juncos winter throughout Wisconsin and are year-round residents in northern Wisconsin.

The form in the East are small slate-gray birds with white belly and flashing white outer tail feathers. Females are browner. In the West, birds have black heads, brown backs, and pink sides.

Dark-eyed Juncos eat small seeds such as white proso millet on the ground or from low platform feeders.


Downy Woodpecker

This small woodpecker is widespread in North America and fairly common at bird feeders in winter.


Photo of Downy Woodpecker on post
Downy Woodpecker. Greg Gillson.


Year-round residents from Alaska and across Canada south through the United States, but absent from the Desert Southwest.

Downy Woodpeckers are year-round residents throughout Wisconsin.

These are less than 7 inches long, bill tip to tail tip. They have a black and white striped head, white back, and black wings with white spots.

Downy Woodpeckers love suet from suet feeders. They also eat hulled sunflower seeds.


White-breasted Nuthatch

Nuthatches are active birds that crawl around branches and even head-first down tree trunks!


Photo of White-breasted Nuthatch on branch
White-breasted Nuthatch. Greg Gillson.


These are widespread year-round birds across southern Canada and much of the United States. They avoid grasslands and deserts.

White-breasted Nuthatches are year-round residents throughout Wisconsin.

These are small chunk birds with large heads with long pointed bill and very short tails. These are gray above with black hind neck and crown. The face and under parts are white. They have a bit of rusty coloration on the flanks.

White-breasted Nuthatches eat black oil sunflower seeds from tube and hopper feeders and are fond of peanuts and suet, too.


Northern Cardinal

These are well-known birds due to their bright red coloration, fairly large size, and perky crest.


Photo of Northern Cardinal on bird feeder
Northern Cardinal. GeorgeB2 from Pixabay.


These are year-round residents throughout the East and South.

Northern Cardinals are year-round residents throughout Wisconsin.

Larger than sparrows, but smaller than robins. Males are bright red, females brown. They have thick orange bills, black chin and throat, and obvious crests.

Northern Cardinals eat larger seeds, including sunflower seeds and safflower seeds from hopper and platform feeders, but often feed on the ground.


American Goldfinch

This bright yellow-and-black bird is a favorite summer bird. However, many people don't recognize these birds at their feeders in their dull brown winter plumage.


Photo of American Goldfinch on teasel
American Goldfinch. Greg Gillson.


Year-round residents across the northern half of the United States. In summer birds breed north well into Canada. In winter they move south throughout most of the U.S.

American Goldfinches are year-round residents throughout Wisconsin.

These are tiny birds with short forked black tails. Wings are black. Winter birds are dull brownish. In summer females are green while males are brilliant lemon yellow with black cap.

American Goldfinches eat black oil sunflower seeds from tube feeders. They love Niger seed from thistle feeders.


Mourning Dove

These birds are one of the most widespread in North America.


Photo of Mourning Dove on stump
Mourning Dove. Greg Gillson.


In summer they breed in open fields, farms, prairies, towns, across all of the United States and north into Canada. In winter they depart most of Canada and the northern Great Plains and higher elevations in the northern states.

Mourning Doves are year-round residents throughout most of Wisconsin, but summer residents only in northern Wisconsin.

These plump birds have a small round head and pointed tail. They are larger than most feeder birds, but not as large as a domestic pigeon.

Mourning Doves eat mixed seeds and grains. They prefer eating on the ground or from platform feeders.


Blue Jay

These are well-known birds, displayed in advertising and sports teams.


Photo of Blue Jay in a bird bath
Blue Jay. Skeeze from Pixabay.


They live year-round in deciduous woods with oaks or nuts through most of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains. In summer they also migrate north well into Canada.

Blue Jays are year-round residents in Wisconsin.

These are blue above, white below and on the face, with a black necklace across the throat wrapping behind the head. The blue crest is a distinguishing mark.

Blue Jays eat sunflower seeds. They love peanuts, too. They use hopper and platform feeders.


Red-bellied Woodpecker

These woodpeckers are fairly common at bird feeders in the East, especially where there are larger hardwood trees.


Photo of Red-bellied Woodpecker on tree trunk
Red-bellied Woodpecker. Skeeze from Pixabay.


These birds live year-round in the United States east of the Rocky Mountains and Great Plains.

Red-bellied Woodpeckers live year-round in the southern two-thirds of Wisconsin, absent in northern Wisconsin.

These birds cling to tree trunks. They have finely barred black-and-white backs. The head and under parts are rather pale gray. Red feathers on the back of the neck reach the bill on males.

Red-bellied Woodpeckers love peanuts from platform feeders. They also eat sunflower seeds and suet.


House Sparrow

These are common city birds in noisy messy flocks.


Photo of House Sparrow
 on fence
House Sparrow. Greg Gillson.


Found throughout much of Canada and the United States, wherever there are people and towns.

House Sparrows are year-round residents throughout Wisconsin.

Small squatty flat-headed sparrows. Females are rather brown and tan with a pale broad eyebrow, and plain breast without streaking. Males are more chestnut brown above with white wing bars, gray below, with gray crown and black chin, more extensive in summer.

House Sparrows eat a wide variety of small seeds and human food scraps from hopper and platform feeders, and also the ground.


Hairy Woodpecker

These are slightly bigger versions of the Downy Woodpeckers.


Photo of Hairy Woodpecker on tree trunk
Hairy Woodpecker. Greg Gillson.


Found from Alaska, across Canada, and south through most of the United States where there are big old trees.

Hairy Woodpeckers are year-round residents throughout Wisconsin.

Black wings and tail. White back and under parts. White stripes on face. Male with red spot on back of head. Bigger bill than Downy Woodpecker, otherwise look alike, but don't use same kind of trees.

Hairy Woodpeckers will visit feeders in winter for suet and nuts.


House Finch

These are one of the most widespread feeder birds in the United States. 


Photo of House Finch on a twig
House Finch. Greg Gillson.


These birds are resident in towns throughout the United States, barely into southern Canada.

House Finches are year-round residents in southern and southeastern Wisconsin. Absent elsewhere.

Both males and females are rather dusty brown, heavily streaked on the chest. Only the males have red feathers on forehead, breast, and rump.

House Finches love to eat black oil sunflower seeds in the shell. They like tube feeders best.


Setting up a winter bird feeding station in Wisconsin

Many of the most common winter birds on this list would probably prefer a hopper feeder. These often are built with plastic sides and peaked roof. Food dispenses into a small tray at the bottom. These feeders protect the seeds and allow birds to easily reach the food.

Hopper feeders are good for mixed seed. My favorite is Wagner's Songbird Supreme. (Click on the link to read my product review.)

The birds that will like mixed seed in the hopper feeder include White-breasted Nuthatches, Northern Cardinals, Mourning Doves, House Finches, House Sparrows, Blue Jays.

Of course, if you can also provide black oil sunflower seed alone in a tube feeder. Tube feeders keep away some of the larger jays and starlings that tend to eat up all the seed at once. These larger birds also tend to scare away the desirable smaller birds.

Birds that like black oil sunflower seeds in tube feeders include American Goldfinches, Black-capped Chickadees, House Finches, White-breasted Nuthatches.

In such cold weather, having a high-protein high-fat source of energy is important. So I recommend a suet and a suet feeder.

Birds that like suet include the woodpeckers. nuthatches, and chickadees. You may also attract other birds, like wrens and Yellow-rumped Warblers, that normally don't come to feeders.

See my recommended bird feeder setup article below with specific brands and more details.

Finally, please think about setting up a bird bath with heater. Birds need fresh water to drink every day--especially in winter when natural water sources are frozen.



These related articles should answer your questions on setting up a bird feeder and get you started viewing and identifying your backyard birds: 

The most common backyard birds in Wisconsin

My recommended bird feeder setup

Bird baths that birds actually use

Binoculars for beginning bird watchers



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