Thursday, June 4, 2020

Feeding winter birds in Texas

Many people set up bird feeders for winter. Perhaps you never have, but are thinking about it. How do you set up a bird feeder in Texas?

This article is all about how and why to set up a winter bird feeder in Texas. It also tells you some of the birds you can expect and how to attract them to your feeder.

Texas is such a huge state that winter is not the same throughout the state. From what I have been told there are 3 regions where winters are quite different from each other. In the northern part of the state (Dallas) winters are cold and ice and snow storms happen each winter. In the central part of the state (Austin) winters are cool and rainy, but snow and ice is rare. In the southern part of Texas (Houston) winters are pleasant and rather warm and dry.

This winter climate variation makes it more challenging to have just one article on bird feeding in Texas in winter, but I'll try to do a good job.


In this article
Why feed winter birds in Texas?
What birds come to feeders in winter in Texas?
Setting up a winter bird feeding station in Texas
Related articles


Image by GeorgeB2 from Pixabay

Why feed winter birds in Texas?


Throughout much of Texas the winters are mild enough that birds can probably survive without help from people. But surviving isn't thriving. And in northern parts of Texas winters can have occasional severe weather. So, feeding birds in winter can help them survive and thrive. And it's not just about feeding birds, either. Often people who fed birds improve the landscaping in their yards. This benefits all birds, not just the ones that visit feeders.

It is the younger birds that often benefit the most from winter bird feeders. Birds in their first year have not gone through a full year of finding food. So they are inexperienced. By late winter the seeds and fruit and berries are mostly gone. Insects are always in short supply in winter. Food becomes more difficult for birds to find. Thus, birds, young and old, will appreciate a well-stocked backyard winter bird feeder.

Watching birds at the feeder can supply you and your family with hours of joy. It brings peace of mind to observe the antics of birds at your feeder.

Bird feeders are also a great way to teach children or grandchildren about nature. Youths today are ever more so isolated from the outdoor experience. Viewing birds at the feeder provides a connection to nature that we all need.

What birds come to feeders in Texas in winter?


As we've discussed, Texas is large. And it sits at the intersection of Eastern and Western North American and Mexico. Bird species are a mixture of all three areas. It was because of this that bird illustrator and author, Roger Tory Peterson, created a separate bird watching field guide just to Texas!

Many different birds come to winter bird feeders in Texas, depending upon where you live. But I will tell about a few that can be found widely throughout the state. For additional information see my article on common backyard birds of Texas. It covers additional birds that may be in your backyard but don't come to feeders.

I will describe some of the most widespread winter feeder birds in Texas. I'll also tell you what you can feed them to attract them to your yard.

Photo of Northern Cardinal at feeder
Northern Cardinal
Image by GeorgeB2 from Pixabay

Northern Cardinal: 

This large colorful songbird is found throughout woodlands in the eastern United States and adjacent extreme southern Canada. They reach to westernmost Texas, and then across northern Mexico to southern Arizona. These birds are residents, pairs staying year-round in the same location for the most part.

They sing nearly year-round with loud whistled phrases usually repeating 3 times, cheer cheer cheer or purty purty purty. They also have a loud chip note.

Males are bright red with large tail, sweeping crest, thick orange bill and black face. Females are shaped similarly, but buffier brown overall.

Northern Cardinals eat larger seeds, including sunflower seeds and safflower seeds from hopper and platform feeders.

Photo of House Sparrow at feeder
House Sparrow
Photo by Greg Gillson

House Sparrow: 

These Old World sparrows were introduced into the United States in the 1880's and spread across the country.

They are found across Texas. They are found in cities and farms, wherever there are people. They live year round in the same area in noisy flocks.

Their calls are chirp notes, and their songs are these notes run together.

Pudgy with a large head and short tail, males are brown and chestnut above, gray below. Males in breeding plumage have a black mask and throat. In winter the black on the throat is reduced to just the chin area. Females lack the black facial and throat marks. They have a brown crown with paler eyebrow stripe over the eye but are otherwise brown and gray.

House Sparrows eat smaller seeds in mixed birdseed that other native birds don't seem to enjoy as much. They have weaker feet so feed best at hopper and platform feeders. Many people don't like these aggressive non-native birds at their feeders. So they offer black oil sunflower seeds in tube feeders to limit their numbers.

Photo of Downy Woodpecker on a post
Downy Woodpecker
Photo by Greg Gillson

Downy Woodpecker: 

This cute little woodpecker is a frequent bird at backyard bird feeders throughout North America.

In Texas they are found more commonly in the northern and eastern parts of the state. They are found in small diameter deciduous trees, such as willows and alders.

Usually found as solitary individuals or pairs, they give sharp pik calls and rattle these notes into a song in spring.

The bill is small for a woodpecker. They have a black and white pattern as do many woodpeckers. The back is white. The crown, ear coverts, and malar is black. There is a white stripe over and back from the eye and between the ear coverts and malar. Males have a small red spot on the rear of the crown.

Downy Woodpeckers will eat seeds or fruit at bird feeders, but especially seek out suet from special suet feeders.

Photo of a Carolina Wren on a stump
Carolina Wren
Image by SOARnet from Pixabay

Carolina Wren: 

This wren is a common resident in woodland tangles and backyards throughout the East. In Texas it is found primarily in the eastern 2/3 of the state. Its breeding range expands and contracts in western and northern Texas (and elsewhere) following mild or harsh winters.

They sing all year, a loud musical teakettle, teakettle, teakettle or cheery cheery cheery. The call notes are loud and varied, including a chert call.

These have typical round wren bodies with short neck and long active tails. They are rich brown above, warm buffy below with a white throat and long white eyebrow strip back from the eye.

Carolina Wrens visit suet feeders.

Photo of Carolina Chickadee at feeder
Carolina Chickadee
Image by George2 from Pixabay

Carolina Chickadee: 

This cute little bird is widespread throughout the southeastern United States in deciduous forests. It is found in backyards and woodlands the eastern half of Texas.

It gives a rapid chick-a-dee-dee-dee call and a whistled song fee-bee, fee-bay.

Gray back, wings, tail, and pale gray flanks. Black cap and throat contrasting with white face.

Carolina Chickadees like seeds, especially black oil sunflower seeds. They like suet, too. They eat from any kind of feeder.

Photo of Mourning Dove
Mourning Dove
Photo by Greg Gillson

Mourning Dove: 

This bird is widespread across North America, including all of Texas. They are found in rural areas, especially near agricultural areas, and in residential areas, too.

The call is a loud mournful cooing.

This bird is identified by the plump body, small round head, and long pointed tail.

Mourning Doves eat black oil sunflower seeds and cracked corn and other grains. They feed on the ground and prefer platform feeders.

Photo of Blue Jay in bird bath
Blue Jay
Image bly skeeze from Pixabay

Blue Jay: 

Found in deciduous woodlands across eastern and central North America they are found in Texas away from the border with Mexico.

Gives a jay jay jay call.

Very colorful. Blue above, white or pale gray below. White face, blue crest, and black necklace wrapping around to the back of the head. White patches and black bars in the wing and tail.

Blue Jays are omnivorous. They like to eat sunflower seeds and peanuts from platform and hopper feeders. They eat suet from suet feeders, as well.

Photo of Red-bellied Woodpecker on tree trunk
Red-billed Woodpecker
Image by skeeze from Pixabay

Red-bellied Woodpecker: 

This fairly large woodpecker is found in deciduous woods across the eastern United States. In Texas it is mostly confined to the eastern 1/3 of the state, but sometimes wanders to the northern half, as well.

The common call is a rolling churrr.

Pale gray below, the back is barred completely with black and white. Both sexes have a red nape, on the male it extends all the way over the crown to the bill.

Red-bellied Woodpeckers visit backyard feeders for sunflower seeds, peanuts, and suet. They eat from platform or large hopper feeders and suet cages.

Photo of White-winged Dove
White-winged Dove
Photo by Greg Gillson

White-winged Dove: 

This large pigeon is a bird of the southwestern deserts. It is a resident through most of Texas. It is rare in easternmost Texas. In the Texas Panhandle these birds are primarily found in summer.

Their loud cooing sounds like who cooks for you? 

Large with a rounded tail with white tips, the bird has large white wing crescents across the base of the primaries, especially visible in flight.

White-winged Doves love black oil sunflower seeds and cracked corn at platform or large hopper feeders.

Photo of Tufted Titmouse on bird feeder
Tufted Titmouse
Image by anne773 from Pixabay

Tufted Titmouse: 

These woodland birds are common backyard visitors throughout the eastern United States. In Texas they are found only in the eastern 1/3 of the state. However, the similar Black-crested Titmouse is resident in central and southwestern Texas. Where they meet they sometimes hybridize.

Sing a whistled song of Peter Peter Peter.

Tufted Timouses feed at hopper and tube feeders on black oil sunflower seeds. They also eat suet.

Setting up a winter bird feeding station in Texas


In interior and northern Texas, where winters are colder, I recommend adding a suet feeder to your regular seed feeders. If you've never fed suet before you should try it. Think of it as offering a giant grub for insect eating birds! The suet cages are inexpensive. There are many types of suet to try, some in mixed variety packs. Wrens, titmouses, woodpeckers, chickadees, and some wintering warblers will eat suet.

I usually recommend a tube feeder with black oil sunflower seeds for finches and chickadees.

In the cooler areas of Texas, try a hopper feeder with an ample roof to keep rain and possible snow off the feeding tray. Fill this feeder with mixed seed, but make sure there's plenty of black oil sunflower seed in the mix.

There's no reason not to feed birds all year. But at least get your feeder set up and well-stocked by late October. Birds move around in the fall, looking for a good food supply. By the end of the December birds have settled into their winter territory and won't move around much. Thus, it may be hard to attract many new birds to your feeder after winter starts. Whatever birds are in your yard then are the birds you'll have until spring.

Birds need water in the dry fall season. They also need open water during times of prolonged freezes that sometimes happen in more northerly parts of Texas. Depending upon where you live you may wish to purchase a bird bath heater. If not, give birds fresh drinking water daily in freezing weather.



Here is a list of related articles I've written to help you with some specific questions on feeding winter birds in Texas.

The most common backyard birds in Texas

My recommended bird feeder setup

Bird seeds that attract the most birds

Different kinds of bird feeders and the birds they attract

Bird baths that birds actually use

Binoculars for beginning bird watchers

Bird watching books for beginners



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